Monkey & Apes

One of most recognisable animals in the world, a monkey is a long-tailed, medium-sized member of the order of Primates. The primate order also includes macaques, baboons, guenons, capuchins, marmosets and tamarins. Apes and Chimpanzees are not scientifically classified as monkeys, a common misconception by the general public due to their physical similarities. Some distinguishing features between New World and Old World monkeys include the tail, where most New World monkeys have prehensile tails while Old World monkeys do not. Monkeys are a very diverse family of species, ranging in size from the 5-6 inch Pygmy Marmoset, to the adult male Mandrill, which can reach a size of up to 3 feet. Some monkeys spend the majority if their lives in treetops, while others call flatter Savannas and grasslands home. Most monkeys survive of a diet of fruit, leaves, nuts, berries, eggs, insects and occasionally other smaller animals.
Communication
Scientists have spent years trying to understand monkey communication. They have learned that individual calls may not mean much of anything, but when certain calls are made in a certain order, they can be interpreted. The same sounds that tell monkeys to beware of a leopard in the grass can be rearranged to say that a hungry eagle is nearby. Scientists also believe that when monkeys know each other, they seem to be able to recognise each other’s voice.
Gorilla
errorGorilla are mainly ground-living, but where trees are strong enough and fruiting, whole groups can be seen in them. Chimpanzees nests are similar to the gorillas, but the Chimpanzees nest much higher in the trees. Gorillas live about 35 years in the wild and more than 50 years in a zoological environment. The morality rate for immature gorillas under six years of age is over 40% and the risks are highest during the first year. Fighting silverbacks, predation, injury and diseases are all serious threats to youngsters that lessen as the apes reach maturity. However, the risks continue throughout life.
ChimpanzeeChimpanzees have very long arms and a short body and are covered with black hair on most of their body except their fingers, palms, armpits and bottoms of their feet. Chimpanzees have senses very similar to ours, including hearing, sight, smell, taste and touch. They have a slight brow ridge, large ears, small nostrils and an elongated snout and are capable of many expressions. Chimpanzees are very intelligent and can learn extremely complex tasks. They often use tools in the wild to obtain ants and termites to eat and to scare away intruders. They also use chewed-up leaves like a sponge to sop up water to drink. Chimpanzees are social animals that are active during the day and live in small, stable groups called communities or unit groups of about 40-60 individuals. Communication is used to teach the young the many skills that they need to survive and to convey information to other chimpanzees about food, social relationships, distress, mating, etc.
GibbonserrorGibbons are rare, small, slender, long-armed, tree dwelling apes. These very acrobatic primates live in southeast Asia. Gibbons are arboreal; they spend most of their lives in trees. Because they are so dextrous while moving in the trees, almost no predators can catch them. There are nine species of gibbons, including the siamang, which is the largest and darkest gibbon.
BaboonerrorThe baboon, of all the primates in East Africa, most frequently interacts with people. Apart from humans, baboons are the most adaptable of the ground-dwellin primates and live in a wide variety of habitats. Intelligent and crafty, they can be agricultural pests, so they are treated as vermin rather than wildlife. Some interesting facts about baboons are as follows:
Nearly one-half the size of adult males, females lack the male’s ruff, but otherwise they are similar in appearance.
Baboons use over 30 vocalisations ranging from grunts to barks to screams. Nonvocal gestures include yawns, lip smacking and shoulder shrugging.
Macaque MonkeyserrorMacaques can be slight, with very long tails, or stocky, with short limbs and a short tail or in a few species, no tail. They are highly intelligent and display a great variety of calls and facial expressions. It is yellowish brown with a pale, naked face and a tail about half as long as the body. A large male may reach a body length of 2 ft. Omnivorous feeders, they often raid cultivated fields and gardens. The rhesus monkey has been widely used in medical and other scientific experiments. The stump-tailed macaque is a nearly tailless, very hairy macaque with a naked pink face, found at high altitudes in SE Asia.
Orang-UtanerrorOrangutans are large apes that live in southeast Asia. These apes mostly live in trees and swing from branch to branch using their arms. The word orangutan means “man of the forest” in the Malay language. The orangutan’s population is decreasing and it is in grave danger of extinction basically because of humans. Orangutans have a large, bulky body, a thick neck, very long, strong arms, short, bowed legs and no tail. Orangutans have senses very similar to ours, including hearing, sight, smell, taste and touch. Orangutan’s hands are very much like human with four long fingers plus an opposable thumb. Their feet have four long toes plus an opposable big toe. Orangutans can grasp things with both their hands and their feet. The largest males have an arm span of about 7.5 feet.
Pygmy MarmoseterrorThese are just young Pygmy marmosets they are not actual size. These are the smallest monkey in the world, but are the most vocal of them all their voice has a wide range for warning their family members, but they don’t just use their voice to communicate they can also use chemical and physical means of communicating. They can whistle or growl or making a clicking sound, depending on the danger level, all depends on the sound they make. They grow to be 14-16 centimetres and their tail is at least 20 cm long, they weigh between 120kg to 140kg. They can support their body weight from the muscles in their tails. Their claws and foot structure are the same as the other marmosets and these lives off fruit, insects and small reptiles but favor the sap from trees and leaves that grow on them. Their weight allows them to get to the leaves that the other marmosets cannot reach or the fruit that would be too dangerous for any other marmoset would attempt.
Facts about Monkeys and Apes
Monkeys never catch cold.
Yawning of a monkey means that either he is tired or he is mad at something.
Monkeys never eat a banana as it is; rather they peel it first and throw away the peel.
Howler monkeys are the loudest monkeys and their howl can be heard as far as 10 miles away.
Monkeys live in groups, known as troops and travel together to find good.
The tip of a spider monkeys tail can support the weight of his entire body.
Monkeys live in trees, grasslands, mountains, forests and on high plains.
A monkey was once tried and convicted for smoking a cigarette in South Bend, Indiana.
Spider-monkeys have appeared in more films than any other breed of monkey.

One thought on “Monkey & Apes<br>

  • February 8, 2021 at 3:40 pm
    Permalink

    Fabulous animals. Thanks for your post. Really interesting.

    Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

%d bloggers like this: