The team of horse and humans has thrived for more than 2000 years now and horses have been an essential mode of transportation for centuries now. The sport of horse- Riding was developed in 17th century as a leisurely activity and is still enjoyed. Youth enjoy horse riding a lot and there are many events for competition also. Polo, cross-country and eventing test the rider’s skill. It takes a lot of skill, practice and courage, especially for jumping. Riders seat themselves on a saddle resting their feet in stirrups which hang from the saddle resting their feet in saddle. They control the reins of the bit put into the horse’s mouth. The rider can urge the horse to walk, canter and trot or turn using gentle pressure from his legs and hands. Riders wear protective clothing including helmets.
The saddle is one of the most important equipment for horse riding. It provides comfortable seating to the rider at the same time protecting the horse’s spine. The saddle is kept in place by a strap called the girth which runs under the horse’s body. Western saddles have wide stirrups and horn-shaped pommels.
Walking, Trotting & CanteringHorses have three main types of movements: walking, trotting and Cantering.
While walking, the horse moves it’s legs turn by turn.
While trotting the horse moves it’s diagonal legs in pairs and the walk is jerky.
Cantering is a smoother version of trotting.
The rider instructs the horse by pulling its reins or applying leg pressure. Riders remain seated during all movements, except trotting when they rise to the trot. Horses can gallop but not for long.
StirrupThe stirrup was developed by Central Asian tribes in around 300 B.C. to hold a rider’s feet. This helped riders fit in the saddle. Modern stirrups are of steel.
Pony Clubs are for riders who like to compete. They organize sporting events and games to improve riding skills. They also teach riders to look after their horse and its tack and organize riding camps.
PoloIt is a fast and exciting game where two teams, each consisting of four players, compete on a large field. The wooden ball or of high-impact plastic ball is hit through the goal using a mallet, with the team scoring the most goals winning. The horses have to be very agile and are guided by the player’s legs. The game is fast and the horse’s lose their stamina quickly and hence can be replaced several times during a game.
Eventing lasts for maximum three days and tests the rider’s and horse’s agility and endurance. The events are dressage, which is an obedience test and a grueling cross-country race. The final event is showjumping over high fences and water.
Some important Answers to know
1. What is it called when a rider makes a horse cross over it’s legs and move sideways?
Ans. It is called Leg yielding. Turn on the forehand is when a horse changes direction by stepping its front legs still. Change the rein is a change of direction and rein makes the horse move backwards.
2. What should a rider do if he is traveling down a steep hill on horseback?
Ans. Leaning back would help the rider keep in balance. All of the other options would put the rider or horse out of balance.
3. What is it called when the rider makes a horse tuck it’s head in, arch its neck and move into the rein contact?
Ans. Collecting. This creates more power in the horse’s pace and keeps the horse listening to the rider.
4. If a rider bareback, which item of tack is missing?
Ans. Saddle. Bareback simply means riding without a saddle and this can be more uncomfortable for some people.
” The Beautiful thing about learning is that no one can take it away from you” by B.B. King.