During an urgent situation, immediately but calm assistance is crucial. For instance, somebody choking on food cannot hold on till a doctor arrives. Instead, nearby people much know how to remove the hitch soon so that the suffering person can breathe. Such instant help is termed as first aid. At times, first aid can serve as an alternative for a doctor. For example, for slight cuts and wounds, cleaning the wound and applying a bandage 🩹🩹🤕 is sufficient. When there is a broken bone due to injury, first aid could be to calm the patient and reaching him to the nearest medical aid. In case of a cardiac arrest or a traffic accident, first aid may involve restarting the patient’s heart. There is a serious caution that first aid without proper knowledge could be injurious also.
FIRST AID TECHNIQUES
The basic principle of first aid is to refrain from panic during emergency. Important techniques include helping an unconscious regain consciousness and preventing loss of blood. For someone who loses consciousness the ABC principle is applied.
AIRWAYS : Firstly, we check weather the victim’s air passages are blocked or not.
BREATHING : Cardio pulmonary resuscitation or mouth to mouth recovery is given to the victim to blow air into his lungs.
It is necessary to check if the heart is still pumping. If not cardiac massage can help restart the heart.
Paramedics are highly skilled first aid professionals who treat injured during an emergency. They carry life saving equipments in ambulances, like a defibrillator used to restart a patient’s heart.
FIRST AID KIT
It is advised that each home and vehicle 🚜🚑 should have a first aid kit with items required for crisis treatment. The kit should be well cleaned and its items should be periodically checked and replaced. Following are the items that form a necessary part of the first aid kit.
Quick TipsProblem :- Symptoms, Fractures & Dislocations Severe pain, deformity, and loss of motion. Possible protruding broken bones, call doctor do not move injured part until splinted. If legs, back, neck are injured, keep person lying flat and call ambulance 🚑. Cover open wounds with available clean fabric. Keep patient warm. Give nothing to eat or drink.
FAINTING Pale, clammy skin, dizziness, shallow breathing, sweating and temporary unconsciousness. Place in supine position with legs raised higher than body. Loosen clothing. Apply cold cloths to face. Call your doctor if fainting reoccurs.
HEART ATTACK Persistent chest pain, often radiating to left shoulder and arm, difficulty in breathing. Lips, skin and fingernails turn blue. Call an ambulance 🚑 place victim in a comfortable position, sitting up. Use pillows for support. Keep warm and loosen collar. If trained administer CPR. Otherwise give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation if breathing has stopped, give nothing by mouth.
* First-aid manual
*Adhesive bandages in several sizes
*Antibiotic cream (triple-antibiotic ointment)
*Antiseptic solution (like hydrogen peroxide)
*Hydrocortisone cream (1%)
*Acetaminophen and ibuprofen
*Disposable instant cold packs
*Alcohol wipes or ethyl alcohol
*Plastic gloves (at least 2 pairs)
*Flashlight and extra batteries
*Your list of emergency phone numbers