How was the universe created?
Many believed that about 15 billion years ago a tremendous explosion led to the expansion of the universe. This explosion is known as the Big Bang, which laid the foundations of the universe. It actually consisted of an explosion of space within itself unlike an explosion of a bomb were fragments are thrown outward in this galaxies weren’t all clumped together.
The Father of Big Bang theory, Edwin Hubble discovered that a galaxies velocity is proportional to its distance. Galaxies that are twice as far from us move twice as fast. The universe is expanding in every direction, which means that it took every galaxy the same amount of time to move from a common starting position to its current position, as yet another observation by Hubble.
George Lemaitre proposed the Big Bang theory of the origin of the Universe, although he called it his “hypothesis of the Primeval atom”. The framework for the model relies on Albert Einstein’s general relativity and on simplifying assumptions. The governing equations had been formulated by Alexander Friedmann.
Big Bang Back!!
The European Organization for Nuclear Research, known as CERN began an experiment to recreate conditions akin to Big Bang, with which universe would be created again. It’s Large Hadron Collider (LHC) will seek to collide two beams of particles at nearly the speed of light in a series of experiments spread over next six weeks. A beam would be circulated in one direction around the accelerator, then the other, later sending beams both ways to cause collisions.
Fred Hoyle was a distinguished and controversial British astronomer, mathematician, popularizer of science and novelist, who reject the “Big Bang theory”. “Every cluster of galaxies, every star, every atom had a beginning, but the universe itself did not” Hoyle claimed. He coined the phrase ” Big Bang” to mock the opposing model, according to which the universe originated from a spontaneous explosion. Hoyle also suggested that life had a cosmic, not terrestrial origin, and viruses could originate from certain meteor streams. He supported the anthropic principle, holding that there is a design in creation: the universe was designed in such a way as to produce life. “Our existence dictates how the universe shall be, ” he stated, and added”, a fine ego-boosting point of view on which you may travel, fare paid, to conferences all over the world. Besides scientific works, Hoyle published many science fiction novels, written in collaboration with his son, Geoffrey Hoyle.
Is the Big Bang Theory Correct? Science Believes it to be correct for the following Reasons:-
There exists a cosmic background radiation field detectable at microwave frequencies.
The cosmic microwave background radiation field is precisely that of a black body.
The night sky is not as bright as the surface of the Sun.
No objects are older than the expansion age of universe.
There are about 10,000,000,000 photons in the cosmic background radiation field for every proton and neutron of matter.
The degree of galaxy clustering observed is consistent with an expanding universe with a finite age less than 20 billion years.
There are no elements heavier than lithium which have a universal abundance ratio.
The universe was once opaque to its own radiation.
The universe is full of matter and not a mixture of matter and anti-matter.
The Big Bang has been mentioned in the holy book Quran which is about 1500 years old!!!